Mar 22, 1993 A process for the extraction of copper from a sulphide copper ore or concentrate comprises the steps of subjecting the ore or concentrate to agitation leaching at an elevated temperature and pressure to obtain a resulting acidic leach liquor containing dissolved copper and reducing the acidity of the resulting acidic leach liquor by effecting percolation leaching of a bed of low-grade copper.Mar 06, 2020 Agglomeration and leaching behaviors of copper oxides with different chemical binders. 1. 2. 3. The chemical binder is one of the critical factors affecting ore agglomeration behavior and leaching efficiency. In this study, we investigated the effect of the type of binder and mass fraction of the H 2 SO 4 solution used on the curing, soaking.
Acid leaching of oxidized copper ores by downward percolation By William A. McKinney and Carl Rampacek. Abstract. Includes bibliographic references.Mode of access Internet Topics Percolation., Leaching., Copper ores.
Heap leaching low-grade ores has become a major contributor to the extraction of economically important metals, notably copper and gold. The state-of-the-art in heap leaching is reviewed with emphasis on process engineering. Rock leaching, including rock pore diffusion and mineral kinetics, solution flow, and retention in ore heaps during percolation leaching, and bio-oxidation of sulfidic.
For this reason, the heap leaching step is commonly preceded by agglomeration of the ore in a rotary drum agglomerator. This offers significant benefits, ultimately yielding improved recovery rates. Agglomeration greatly improves the leaching process by “binding” fines so that they do not impede percolation of the leachate through the ore pile.
Lower-grade extractions and increasing global demand are noticeable barriers to valuable metal extraction .As an efficient recycling approach used for low-grade minerals, complex polymetallic resource, and solid ore waste [9,10], bioheap leaching and biodump leaching have been broadly applied, having potential given the exhaustion of high-quality copper mines.
Jan 01, 2019 Heap leaching accounts for around 20 of the global production of copper. In heap leaching coarsely crushed ore particles are contacted with an aqueous lixiviant percolating through large packed beds (heaps) of the ore particles, with the loaded solution collected at the foot of the heap for metal recovery, solution make-up and recycle.
Heap leaching belongs to the group of percolation leaching processes and operates over ground. The procedure is illustrated in Figure 1.The oxide copper ore is piled up on leach pads, which have a slight slope of approx. 3 and a rubber lining, which seals the ground under the heap.
Both oxide copper and sulfide copper ores are amenable to leaching process, with the rate of recovery being higher for oxide Copper and Gold . Installing the right irrigation system in the mines, is a highly important element in the process of Leaching, and it has great effects on the the permeability and the uniformity percolation all over the.
Copper sulphide ore containing 0.37 Cu, with chalcopyrite as the main copper-bearing mineral, was leached in percolation columns containing 20 kg of ore crushed to minus 20 mm at different.
Nov 01, 2016 This paper outlines a comprehensive, cost-effective testing program for the acid-ferric sulfate heap leaching of oxide, supergene and primary copper ores. It is based on extensive experience in copper heap leaching and uses the many technological advances in the field developed over the past several decades. The approach described requires firstly a detailed resource evaluation, then a.
Laboratory percolation tests studied the main parameters such as flow-rate, acid curing, acid concentration, copper recovery, acid consumption, concentrations in the pregnant leach solution. Results show a high and fast leaching of copper and a rather low and slow kinetic of cobalt leaching, due to the majority.
An ore sample containing 0.77 pct cu was leached in a fiberglass column by downward percolation of acidified ferric sulfate solutions. Three sets of leaching conditions were investigated (1) ambient temperature leaching, (2) elevated temperature (50 deg to 60 deg c) leaching, and (3) elevated temperature leaching after inoculation with.
A rich-in-pyrite copper ore containing also gold and silver as valuable components was treated by a two-stage microbial leaching. The leaching was carried out in a percolation PVC column containing 30 kg of ore crushed to minus 10 mm. The ore was firstly leached by means of acidophilic chemolithotrophic bacteria and 68.0.
Aug 04, 2016 Copper heap leach development – not as easy as it looks. Heap leaching has become increasingly popular in the copper industry for treating oxide and secondary sulphide ores.
The Gall-Copper Process was recorded as being used during the Song Dynasty (960-1271AD). Copper was precipitated from solution by dipping iron into the blue vitriol solution - a process identified as early as 150 BC in China. 6 Therefore, presumably, the recognition of a natural copper leaching process can be identified as early as that date.